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cardiff bay的简介(中英文皆可,最好中文)
cardiff bay的简介(中英文皆可,最好中文)

cardiff bay的简介(中英文皆可,最好中文)

>>>Cardiff Bay
Cardiff Bay (Welsh: Bae Caerdydd) is the area created by the Cardiff Barrage in South Cardiff, the capital of Wales. The regeneration of Cardiff Bay is now widely regarded as one of the most successful regeneration projects in the United Kingdom.[1] The Bay is supplied by two rivers (Taff and Ely) to form a 500-acre (2.0 km2) freshwater lake round the former dockland area south of the city centre. The Bay was formerly tidal, with access to the sea limited to a couple of hours each side of high water but now provides 24 hour access through three locks.

Cardiff Bay played a major part in Cardiff’s development by being the means of exporting coal from the South Wales Valleys to the rest of the world, helping to power the industrial age. The coal mining industry helped fund the building of Cardiff into the Capital city of Wales and helped the Third Marquis of Bute, who owned the docks, become the richest man in the world at the time.
As Cardiff exports grew, so did its population; dockworkers and sailors from across the world settled in neighbourhoods close to the docks, known as Tiger Bay, and communities from up to 45 different nationalities, including Norwegian, Somali, Yemeni, Spanish, Italian, Caribbean and Irish helped create the unique multicultural character of the area.
After the Second World War most of the industry closed down and became derelict. But, in 1999, new life was injected into the area by the building of the Cardiff Bay Barrage, one of the most controversial building projects of the day but also one of the most successful.[3]

The Cardiff Bay Development Corporation (CBDC) was created in 1987 to stimulate the redevelopment of 1,100 hectares (2,700 acres) of derelict land.[4] The Development Corporation aimed to attract private capital by spending public money to improve the area. Despite opposition by environmentalists and wildlife organisations, the mudflats at the mouths of the River Taff and River Ely were inundated, with loss of habitat for wading birds. The Barrage has created several new habitats for freshwater species with the wetlands to the south of the Hamadryad Park.
When the Development Corporation was wound up in on 31 March 2000, it had achieved many of its objectives. The whole area was unrecognisable from ten years before. Much private land was now open to the public, particularly around the inner harbour and the north side of Roath basin. Work is progressing to complete a 13 kilometre walkway around the Bay and the Barrage has created a world-class environment. In addition, the development has enabled land in the city centre to be redeveloped for higher-value uses.[5]
The development of "something like 1,250 apartments a year"[6] however might cause future problems. As at 2008 up to one third were not occupied. Critics such as Lorraine Barrett (AM Labour, Cardiff South and Penarth) say, the flat complexes will not help to build up a community and too little attention has been paid to develop affordable housing. With the recent falls in property values, sales in the area have become problematic. Therefore landlords might be more willing to rent their places out to "people who may not be suited to that type of living."[7]
Connecting the Bay area to the centre of Cardiff was a primary goal when plans to develop the docklands were first mooted. Original plans included a grand boulevard (similar to where Lloyd George Avenue is located now) with high density commercial and residential units straddling both sides. This would have created significant demand for quality public transport provisions facilitating connections to the new Bay area but public transport was often of poor quality and, but there are now much improved connections through the Cardiff Bus BayCar service and rail service from Cardiff Queen Street to Cardiff Bay railway station.

>>>Notable buildings
>St David's Hotel
The St David's Hotel and Spa is a 5-star luxury hotel with commanding views of the Bay and Penarth.[8] Built by Rocco Forte in 2000, the hotel was sold in 2007 to Principal-Haley hotels.
>[edit] The Pierhead Building
The Pierhead was built in 1897 and designed by William Frame, who studied under William Burgess[9] It was formerly the headquarters of the Bute Dock Company.
>[edit] The Senedd
The Senedd is the National Assembly for Wales building which includes the debating chamber and committee rooms.
>[edit] Wales Millennium Centre
The Wales Millennium Centre, seen from Roald Dahl PlassThe Wales Millennium Centre is home to the Welsh National Opera.
>[edit] Norwegian Church
The Norwegian Church Arts Centre, is a rescued historic wooden church that was rebuilt in 1992 and operates as a registered self funded not for profit charity. It is managed by Cardiff Harbour Authority and is as a venue for small concerts, art exhibitions, conferences, meetings and celebrations. .[10] When living in Cardiff as a child, the famous children's author Roald Dahl attended this church.
>[edit] Craft in the Bay
A refurbished Victorian dockside building houses Craft in the Bay, the home of the Makers Guild in Wales.
>[edit] Techniquest
Techniquest is an educational science & discovery centre, which also includes a science theatre and planetarium.
>[edit] Roald Dahl Plass
Roald Dahl Plass is a large open amphitheatre style plaza frequently used as a venue for carnivals and festivals all year round.
>[edit] Mermaid Quay
Mermaid Quay comprises a mix of restaurants, bars, cafés, shops and services located on the waterfront

>>>Water-based attractions
Cardiff Bay Wetland Reserve - which has rare birds and a boardwalk leading to a viewing platform
Cardiff Waterbus - which offers a public transport service and tourist cruises
Cardiff Bay Barrage - accessible via the Water Bus and by road, and free to explore and also has guided tours
Lightship 2000 - a restored old red Helwick Lightvessel with a cafe and chapel on board.
Queen Alexandra Dock
Cardiff International Pool
Cardiff International White Water
Cardiff Sailing Centre - A council run watersports facility based on Cardiff Bay Barrage
Cardiff Yacht Club - dinghy racing and cruising, yacht racing and cruising, sea fishing and rowing
Cardiff Bay Yacht Club - premier watersports club in South Wales
Cardiff City Rowing Club

>>>Commercial and residential
Red Dragon Centre, Cardiff BayStyle-conscious shops, bars and restaurants at Mermaid Quay.
Cardiff Bay Retail Park
Mischief's Cafe Bar, a cafe bar and live music venue.
The Coal Exchange (aka The Exchange Centre), a venue for staged events.
Harry Ramsden's fish and chip bar - a large, prominent building.
Cardiff Bay Ice Rink
Cardiff International Sports Village
The Red Dragon Centre (formerly Atlantic Wharf Leisure Village), a leisure and entertainment complex with a Doctor Who exhibit.

>>>Appearances in the media
Cardiff Bay was used as the high-tech urban setting for the Ninth Doctor Doctor Who episode Boom Town and for the Torchwood spinoff, whose makers deliberately avoided stereotypical portrayals of Wales in order to portray Cardiff as it is today, a modern urban centre. In the Torchwood series, there is a giant underground base, secretly under-neath the Bay named "The Hub" from where the Torchwood team work. There is also a lift from the hub into the plaza with a perception filter making anyone who stands on the spot "Not noticed".[11] Roald Dahl Plass features prominently.
Also the Tenth Doctor Doctor Who Christmas Special (2006), "The Runaway Bride" [12] made use of office buildings in the Cardiff Bay

Cardiff Bay railway station is northeast of Mermaid Quay and is served by shuttle services to Cardiff Queen Street railway station. Cardiff Bus operates the following services to the Bay:
1 - Bay Circle clockwise: Grangetown-Leckwith-Canton-Fairwater-Llandaff-Gabalfa-Heath-Penylan-Roath-Tremorfa-Central Station
2 - Bay Circle anticlockwise: as above but reversed
6 - Baycar: Queen Street station via Central Station
8 - City Centre via Grangetown
11 - Pengam Green via Central Station and Tremorfa
35/36 - Gabalfa via Central Station, Cathays and Heath
The Bay lies off the A4232 before the Butetown tunnels and is linked to the city centre by Lloyd George Avenue and Bute Street.
The Pont y Werin pedestrian and cycle bridge opened in July 2010, completing a six and a half mile circular route around Cardiff Bay and Penarth.
A cycle hire system, similar to those in other large cities, launched in September 2009, and includes 70 bikes and 35 hire points (initially 7) around the centre and the south of the city. The current stations are: Central Station; Cardiff Bay Station; County Hall; Cardiff Bay Visitors’ Centre; Churchill Way; City Hall and eastern Queen Street. It is necessary to register before using bike. The first half an hour is free after which a small hourly fee is payable.

急~~Wales 的地理介绍 英文最好哈~~

急~~Wales 的地理介绍 英文最好哈~~

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